Stamp Duty in the UK.
UK Stamp Duty history
Despite being a temporary solution to raise money, it was so successful that it remained in place well after the war years and eventually evolved into a permanent form of UK taxation.
The original form of UK stamp duty involved physically stamping an official document to indicate the appropriate tax had been paid on a transaction. Nowadays the physical stamp is no longer required as UK stamp duty taxation records are updated electronically.
For land transactions, provided the land acquired is located in the UK, then UK stamp duty tax is chargeable. This means that even if a property is purchased from overseas by someone who is not resident in the UK, the tax will still need to be paid.
UK Stamp Duty on property.
UK Stamp Duty Land Tax (SDLT) is a charge on property transactions and came into effect on 1 December 2003. Stamp Duty land tax replaced the old stamp duty system which dated back over 300 years.
Stamp duty taxation is limited to the acquisition of property and land situated in the UK, the boundary being the low water mark of every part of the UK which borders the sea.
UK Stamp Duty Land Tax (SDLT) is payable on all property purchases over a certain purchase price, and the charge applies to all purchases of houses, flats and other land and buildings.
Stamp Duty in Scotland has been replaced by Land and Buildings Transactions Tax (LBTT). The new Scottish LBTT system is similar to SDLT but has different thresholds.
In Wales Stamp Duty has been replaced by Land Transaction Tax (LTT). The Welsh LTT system is similar to SDLT but with different taxation rates thresholds.
The rate of tax is a percentage of the monetary transaction, the amount being rounded down to the nearest pound. Stamp duty rates have been reviewed in recent times, please see our stamp duty changes and stamp duty rates sections for updated information.
For an instant calculation of stamp duty liability please use our stamp duty calculator.
UK Stamp Duty on shares.
UK Stamp Duty Reserve Tax (SDRT) is payable on electronic share transactions when shares are transferred. UK stamp duty is not payable however when shares are first issued.
If shares are transferred electronically, stamp duty is automatically deducted at the time the transaction goes through.